Biology Lessons: Preschool – 5th grade
STEAM (Science Technology Engineering Arts Mathematics) lessons are adaptable to various developmental levels of students. Grades noted next to descriptions are mere recommendations.
Amazing Food Race
Students will learn how food goes from farm to table through activities and games.
Students will examine adaptations that allow a plant or animal to remain undetected in its natural environment by blending in to the surroundings through color, design, or shape of parts.
Students will compare and contrast animals’ homes above or below the ground and construct an animal home.
Students will discover that through keen observation of our surroundings coupled with logical thinking we can draw a conclusion as to what may have taken place prior to our arrival.
Students will examine the habitats of Antarctica animals and their adaptations.
Students will observe intricate images of ant colonies, learn about the body structure and unique characteristics of an ant and then implement the engineering design process to construct an ant capable of holding a designated amount of weight.
Students will examine the geometry of a bee”s nest and discover cross pollination through a series of activities and participate in a bee dance.
Bones and Me
Students will participate in activities that teach about health and exercise and what makes our bone strong and able to grow.
Students will build a model beach and see how waves affect the shoreline of the beach.
Building Dams; Be a Beaver
Students will be introduced to some of the issues engineers face in building dams: they must be both waterproof and strong enough to withstand the pressure of water.
Dental Health and Hygiene
Students will participate in a series of activities that teach them how to brush, floss and eat healthy in order to have a healthy mouth.
Designed by Nature
Students will discover how engineers can use biomimicry to enhance their designs. They learn how the careful observation of nature—becoming a nature detective, so to speak—can lead to new innovations and products. In this activity, students reverse engineer a flower to glean design ideas for new products.
Do Ptarmigans Have Snowshoes
Students will investigate whether the feathers of the ptarmigan have a secondary adaptation—whether the feathers increase flotation like snowshoes do.
Engineer a Seed
Students will handle and observe a variety of seeds, discover why some sink, float and are carried by wind, then construct a seed from found objects that mimics a seed in nature.
Students will create a “web” to identify and demonstrate the interactions among the living and non-living parts of an environment.
Students will explore real fossils, learn about how fossils are made and make a fossil to bring home.
Fresh Water Animals
Students will learn the characteristics of salamander and turtles through hands-on activities.
Students will handle real animal furs, study animal habitats and learn the difference between true hibernation and torpor and classify animals accordingly.
Students will discover the power of the human brain and the function of four main lobes through activities and projects.
Let Your Ears Do the Walking
Students will experience a simulation of echolocation, using the sensory method to walk along a path while blindfolded.
Live Like a Cactus
Students will be introduced to water conservation by learning about plant drought tolerance, how cacti have adapted to the desert environment and come up with some of their own designs based on these observations.
Students will handle real jumping beans and learn the life cycle of the moth.
This activity is seasonal for the fall.
Students will engage in mystery challenges that highlight their five senses.
Oil Spill Clean Up
Students will examine the environmental effects of oil in a lake and shoreline, then perform and oil spill clean up.
Students will dissect owl pellets, classify bones and understand what owls eat.
Students make snot and learn how mucous in our bodies helps to fight germs.
Something About Seeds
Students handle a variety of seeds, dissect seeds and discover how seeds are transported in nature.
Students will use their sense of hearing, students will discover the range of activities and inhabitants that occupy the space around their school grounds or nearby areas. The purpose of this lesson is to teach students how to draw and read a map using symbols and legends. It also helps them learn how to observe their surroundings thoughtfully using their senses, as well providing an introduction to categorizing species.
STEM a Bird Beak!
Students will comprehend that birds have physically adapted in relation to their type of food supply and deduce what beaks are most efficient for given foods by experimenting with imitation beaks and creating beaks out of supplies.
Students will observe a variety of nests then put their engineering skills to the test. Finding inspiration in nature, students will design and construct a nest.
Super Stomach - Slurp, chomp, toot!
Students will learn about chemical and mechanical digestion through hands-on activities.
The Effects of Acid Rain
Students will conduct a simple experiment to model and explore the harmful effects of acid rain on living and non-living objects.
2 class periods approximately 4 days apart preferred.
This Land is Your Land
Students will consider the environmental effects of the different types of land use. Students will act as community planning engineers to determine where to place a new structure that will have the least effect on the environment.
2-3 class periods recommended.
To Be a Tree
Students will play a game to learn about the lifecycle of a tree, how trees impact our everyday lives and adopt a tree for the seasons.
Ugh a Bug
Students will go on a bug hunt, observe the difference between a bug and an insect, learn about predator and prey and make an insect to bring home.
Velcro Case Study
Students begin with a Case Study of biomimicry focused on Velcro technology, then construct physical replicas of burrs (the design inspiration for Velcro) and work in teams to run a relay race where they pick up and drop off their burr models using a ball of string.
Students will handle ostrich and bison bones, observe animal x-rays from animals around the world and compare and contrast vertebrates and invertebrates.
Students will handle earth worms and red compost worms as they make observations about the worm habitat and lifecycle.
Your Ear Hears
Students will participate in a variety of experiments to discover how sound travels through different mediums and how our ears hear sound.